Hey @gentlegorilla! Unforunately, there's no good formula to tackle this problem. I started off by trying to just make a pattern by myself and here's what I noticed:
In every 2x2 square, there can only be one of each color (this makes sense since colors can't touch each other, even diagonally). It might seem obvious, but this is really important! So, I started off by filling in the colors in the middle 2x2 square and going off from there.
Let's say I start off with
in the middle 2x2. This means that the colors above B G have to be R & Y, in some order. With the same logic, the colors below Y R have to be B & G in some order. From there, you just have to pick one of each for those two and keep going.
For example, one way to continue the pattern:
(I just added to the top and bottom)
Now what you'll notice is that to the right of the Y & G in the top right, there has to be an R and a B. However, R can't go directly next to G because then they will touch diagonally!
B G R
(i'm talking about that)
So, R has to go next to Y. And actually, once we have the 4x2 arrangement, there's only one way to complete the pattern.
Y R Y R
G B G B
R Y R Y
B G B G
That's an arrangement that works!
Just to recap the process: I picked a random 2x2 square to start off with, then I added two colors above and below it, and from there there was only one way to complete the pattern. Using this, are you able to come up with the answer now?
Hope this helps!
Also, counting is always confusing in general, so feel free to ask any more questions if you need to.