Question could be worded better
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[Originally posted in the Discussions]
It is not clear that for one circle center is A and for the other circle, center is mid point of BC. (which let us call D). The question should be worded "respectively"
Adding the word "respectively" would, without a doubt, clarify which center belongs to which circle. However, you can also use some intuition to figure this out. It would take more time, but the fun of proving something is worth it!
Suppose we call the two arcs "inner" and "outer." Supposing the "inner" arc has its center as the midpoint of BC. Then BC would be a diameter of this circle. From inspection, this looks weird as it is, but you can also think about the fact that any radius should be perpendicular to a tangent line passing through its intersection point with the circle. In other words, if BC were the diameter of the "inner" arc, then it should be perpendicular to the tangent to the circle at point C. (This tangent line, by the way, appears horizontal, parallel to AB.) This tangent line, though is perpendicular to a different line, AC. This also implies that a radius to the circle containing the "inner" arc should pass through AC! And that happens to bring us to point A. So this tell us that A must be the center of the "inner" arc.
Please let us know if this was still unclear, or if you have any more questions. It's my pleasure to help, anytime!
The Daily Challenge Team